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BLUEISLANDS Project | Newsletter 1

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Monitoring plastic pollution in MED Islands

The Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA) is a interdisciplinary research centre of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB). It promotes academic research and postgraduate education in the environmental sciences. It aims to improve our understanding of global environmental change, and the nature and causes of environmental problems. In addition, it studies policies, strategies and technologies to foster a transition to a sustainable economy. One of the research line of the ICTA focuses on the characterization and impact of plastic pollution in the marine environment.

Plastic pollution is threatening the oceans, marine animals and even human health. When it is dropped on land, plastic often ends up in the marine system where it disintegrates into small pieces (microplastics; <5mm down to few nanometers) that can easily be integrated to the food web. Beaches represent one of the main gate for plastic to enter the ocean, associated to the current system of mass tourism over the last few decades, this represents a threat, especially in islands, for the environment as well as an economical challenge for local municipalities who have to face this seasonal increase of waste.

The main role of ICTA-UAB within the BLUEISLANDS project is to assess the dynamics of marine litter, with a special attention paid to micro- and macroplastics, in highly touristic coastal areas of the following islands of the Mediterranean Sea: Mallorca, Sardinia, Sicily, Malta, Rab, Crete, Mykonos, Rhodes and Cyprus. A survey protocol was specifically designed to periodically monitor the amount and type of marine litter found on three selected beaches of each of the nine islands, as well as in the surface waters running the length of these beaches and the underlying marine sediment. The beaches were selected in order to encompass different case-scenario including highly touristic beaches, remote beaches (likely less impacted) and beaches mainly used by locals. These surveys will be conducted during both the high and low touristic seasons in order to assess the impact of tourism on the generation of waste (including both the micro- and macroplastics) on these beaches.

A first set of surveys on the marine litter was conducted in March on 8 of the 9 islands. The preliminary results show that on average the plastic debris largely dominate the composition of the marine litter no matter the type of beach considered. The more touristic sites present the highest proportion of plastic items (±80% of the items collected) followed by the remote sites (±66%) and the beaches predominantly used by locals (±62%). The next more important types of waste are the papers and cardboards (±10% of the items collected) and the metal (±9%).  Concerning the "visible" microplastics collected during this first set of surveys on the marine litter, both primary (manufactured) and secondary (breakdown of larger plastic debris) microplastics are found on almost all the investigated beaches. Since the first sampling was done in a low touristic season, these first results do not allow to draw any conclusion concerning the impact of tourism on the waste generated on the selected beaches. However, these data will provide the baseline for comparison with the data collected during summer and they show that all studied islands are already contaminated by plastic pollution.

 newsletter 1 uab marine litter

Caption: Results of the marine litter surveys conducted in March 2017. The percentages of the different types of marine litter collected (right panel) were averaged for all the islands and presented according to the different type of beaches investigated.

newsletter 1 microplastics

Caption: Picture of the "visible" microplastics collected in March 2017 on Arina beach (Crete). The upper part shows the secondary microplastics while the lower part shows the primary microplastics (here, virgin resin pellets used in plastic manufacturing processes). The 1€ coin gives the scale.

 

 

Mitigating wastewater impact

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Wastewater treatment plants are often undersized to deal with the increase in wastewater during the high season tourist peak. The effect is the alteration of ecosystems and of seawater quality with negative repercussions on tourism itself.

BLUEISLANDS is developing a monitoring system to investigate the quality of coastal seawater through short-term macroalgae deployments. The experiments will be carried out in three areas before, during and at the end of the touristic season.

Data collected from the experiments will be needed in further project phases to draw:

  • Maps indicating the occurrence and the extent of plumes of nutrient and organic matter of anthropogenic origin
  • Warning system of seawater quality in coastal touristic destinations
  • Alert for competent authorities highlighting the eventual need for improved standards for sewage discharge, coastal use
  • Indications on the necessity to minimize and mitigate impact of tourism on marine ecosystems.

The first sampling campaign carried out within the BLUEISLANDS project, to assess the tourist impact on coastal areas, took place in Cyprus at the beginning of June, at the touristic site of Paralimni and in the control site of Cavo Greco.

Research activities, coordinated by CoNISMa (National Inter-University Consortium for Marine Sciences, Italy) were carried out with the precious support of the Ministry of Agricultural, Rural Development and Environment of Cyprus, and the all the people involved from the Department of Fisheries and Marine Research, the Department of Environment and InteliConS.

 

 

Marine litter management in the Mediterranean: The Maltese case

 

The Mediterranean Sea is an enclosed sea with only one opening for water exchange and occupies some 2.5 million km2. The north western shores of the sea are heavily populated and highly urbanised. The southern coast is sparsely populated but population is ever increasing. Coastal tourism is very important accounting to about one third of global tourism. Maritime traffic in the Mediterranean Sea is amongst the world’s busiest. The physical and demographic conditions of the Mediterranean Sea make it a trap for marine- and land-derived litter. Urbanisation and increased industrial activity are the major contributors of marine litter in the Mediterranean Sea. The impacts of marine litter in the Mediterranean Sea are substantial when considering its enclosed nature, endangered flora and fauna and the importance of the tourism industry in the area which doubles during the summer period.

The Maltese Islands are situated at the centre of the Mediterranean Sea. The Maltese territorial waters extend to 9.65km from the coast, comprehending an area of about 3,000 km2. Limited investigations were so far carried out on benthic (sea bottom) marine litter in the Maltese Islands. The beach surveys which are being carried out as part of the BLUEISLANDS project are expected to provide a better picture of the marine litter situation in the Maltese islands. This will also provide an insight on the impacts of tourism on the local scenario.

As part of its corporate social responsibility, Wasteserv recently coordinated two beach clean-ups.  The areas leading to these beaches were also incorporated in these clean-ups. Common waste streams noted during these clean-ups were glass, wood, metals and plastics.

After recovering marine litter, treatment becomes the next issue. Recycling of marine litter might not be technically and economically viable due to various reasons.  For instance plastics need to be meticulously sorted into same plastic types for recycling to be possible. This is hard to achieve since plastics found in marine litter would be difficult to identify, and also because not all plastics are recyclable. Plastic needs to be cleaned from foreign objects such as sand, dirt and marine organisms to be prepared for recycling. Moreover, decomposition from marine exposure and ultraviolet radiation may degrade the quality of the plastics making it unsuitable for recycling. Thermal treatment of plastic marine litter might not be possible due to the high moisture and salt content which might damage the furnace. Also, some plastics may emit harmful chemical substances when incinerated and the further treatment of ash would be necessary. Currently the waste collected from marine clean-ups is either exported or landfilled as other treatment in Malta is limited.

This information was presented during an Environmental attaché meeting as part of Malta’s EU presidency on the 27th April 2017 in Valletta. Around 100 EU delegates were informed on Maltese Marine litter issues and the Blue Islands project. From the feedback received the delegates were highly interested in this matter.

References:
‘Marine litter from circalittoral and deeper bottoms off the Maltese Islands (Central Mediterranean)’, Mifsud, Dimech, Schembri, Mediterranean Marine Science, 2013
‘Recycling Plastic Marine Litter’, Northwest Pacific Action Plan, UNEP Regional Seas, October 2007

 

 

Hotel Rifiuti Zero

Waste management is an ever increasing aspect of tourism and still, very often, key actors in the tourism industry are faced with barriers to reducing waste. Those barriers are mainly due to a lack of information, time constraints, space and finance. Furthermore, waste management is still generally perceived as an additional burden, instead of a potential income generating resource.

Promoting waste reduction in hotels is an even harder job. Every hotel is an autonomous reality, dealing with different customers, green certificates, kind of services offered and quality standards. Waste reduction plans in hotels require a hotel culture shift, involving suppliers, guests and staff.
To understand more about waste reduction processes in hotels, BLUEISLANDS got in touch with Antonino Esposito, creator of Hotel Rifiuti Zero®, a project that is bringing a network of hotels situated in Sorrento, a famous Italian tourist destination, towards a zero waste strategy. Antonino agreed to answer to some of our questions.

Which are the main challenges you faced to introduce Zero Waste principles to hotels?
Hotel Rifiuti Zero aims to combine environmental sustainability with significant economic benefits. Hotels managers are widely sensitive to sustainability issues, but they have to deal with the cost of each action taken. The main challenge for introducing Hotel Rifiuti Zero in every hotel-client was to demonstrate that sustainable resource management goals are linked with:

  • A more efficient management of the structure
  • A real and solid environmental sustainability (which, Antonino whispers, sometimes is missing in certain eco-labels..)
  • Substantial savings consisting in waste-tax discounts, lower consumption, less hours spent by hotel staff to collect waste

How do hotels in Hotel Rifiuti Zero network benefit from efforts in waste reduction?

newsletter 1 article 4Each hotel manager believes to be the owner of the best possible management system. They are generally highly surprised when we give them our feedback on their waste management processes.
Magic happens when we analyze in each structure the production and disposal of waste, water and energy consumption, the level of waste taxes, the workers’ modus operandi. Hotel managers realize how big those management improvement areas are, and therefore are encouraged to take the first steps in a Zero Waste direction.
Each structure has its own peculiar processes: therefore, every one of the solutions we propose its highly customized. The Hotel Rifiuti Zero team has the expertise and experience to identify these criticalities and to provide the necessary corrective measures. That's what we do!
Hotels benefits are real and tangible: improved quality of employees work, customers appreciate accommodation facilities which are concerned about their environmental footprint, savings on supplies and on waste taxes. The efforts required to apply a Hotel Rifiuti Zero strategy cost roughly the 30% of the overall savings.

 

Which are the main results oh Hotel Rifiuti Zero? How are tourists and local public administration perceiving your work?
First step our hotels are called to is a real waste hunt: all unnecessary packaging are identified, all single dose packs or mono use supplies of soaps and food are eliminated, and flow reducers are placed on every tap. Medium and long term investments are aimed to reduce energy consumption, with the replacement of less efficient components.
Staff training is a core part of Hotel Rifiuti Zero: they have to deal with new waste collection processes, and even more important, they have to inform customers about the new procedures. To help hotel staff onthese new duties, we provide them with panels containing relevant informations on strategic zero waste features in the facility. We tend to put a C beside the 4Rs of the Zero Waste philosophy (Recycle-Redesign-Reduce-Reuse), and that C stands for Communication!

Customers appreciate hotels that adopt good environmental practices. Their appreciation is proven by their active and enthusiastic participation: hotels applying Hotel Rifiuti Zero have recorded an increase of around 15% of attendance (and hence an increase in sales!). On the other hand, we noticed a significant increase in customer's positive reviews on social networks. Thus meaning, that environmental care is perceived by tourists as a quality feature.
Local administrations are demonstrating to appreciate this kind of initiative by giving strong discounts on waste tax. Local authorities are well aware that a better “green” reputation and lower waste management costs are benefits for the whole community. That’s what we work for: waste is no longer a problem, but an opportunity!

 

 

Reuse of gypsum and leftover fish processing in Réunion island

Ea eco-enterprises, partner in BLUEISLANDS project, is a French regional cluster which objective is to foster emerging innovative solutions to measure, prevent, minimize or compensate the impacts of human activities on the environment. Ea eco-enterprises represents more than 140 members, gathering a large set of complementary skills: research centers, consulting companies, analysis laboratories, operators and utility providers. A significant part of SMEs Ea members are engaged in providing solutions for waste management. Tania Trochon from 2T Solutions Durables is one of them. She was engaged as sustainable development expert in many projects aiming at waste recovery system development.

She provides here some examples of running or past experiences:

Reuse of leftover fish processing
There is a waste common to all islands: leftover fish processing. Usually considered as a source of pollution and a health-related question, it can be transformed to a good fertilizer for local agriculture as it is done in Pacific islands, for instance on Réunion island. Similarly, organic matter from farming, food processing activities or waste water treatment can be transformed for agriculture.

Reuse of gypsum on Reunion island
The next example concern a building material widely used, the set gypsum. In Réunion island, a recycling unit has recently been created and then allows to reuse gypsum in local cement manufacturing. For more information: www.mecaroanne.com
All these solutions needed a significant time for research and testing, and huge efforts to develop local waste solutions instead of external solutions, but produced added-value both for the environment and the local development.

To learn more:

 

SWIM and HORIZON2020

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The SWIM and H2020 Support Mechanism projects consists of two components, one on sustainable water management (SWIM Supporting Mechanism) and one on sustainable waste management (H2020 Supporting Mechanism), while ACR+ is involved in the latter. The concept of the SWIM-H2020 SM regional project is based upon a combination of awareness raising, policy advice, technical advice and capacity building.

Project co-financed by EuropAid.

Highlights

State of art

  • 11-13 July 2017, Israel: Stakeholder meetings on plastics waste management
  • 17-18 July 2017, Israel: Meetings and on-site visits on glass recycling
  • 25-27 September 2017, Brussels: Study visit for participants from all beneficiary countries on construction & demolition waste management

THE PROJECT

The key objective of the project is to contribute to reduced marine pollution and a more sustainable use of scarce water resources by providing tailored and targeted support to stakeholders of the Beneficiary Countries (BCs) within each of the six results areas.  As such, the project aims to be a resource for BCs, to feed into their own work towards each of these end results, where relevant.

The approach to delivery of the SWIM-H2020 SM project will be guided by three core elements:

  • To operate as a regional programme that diligently applies the mandate of the UfM Ministerial Meetings and focuses on hands-on, experience based joint activities and sharing/ exchanging of ideas, approaches and results;
  • To be genuinely demand-led, responding to the needs of BC stakeholders, as identified through consultations and ongoing dialogue;
  • And to construct activities that lead to identifiable and concrete results for the BCs and the region as a whole.

ACTIVITIES

The project will address the following themes: Policy and regulatory frameworks, facilitating sustainable investments, environmental impact assessments and strategic environmental assessments, hazardous waste, municipal waste, marine litter, urban waste water, industrial emissions, environmental mainstreaming in sector policies. National-level support will target priority areas identified in the updated National Action Plan.

  • Algeria: Marine litter (Marine and coastal litter particularly characterization and development of a national management plan for coastal waste and marine litter)
  • Egypt: Municipal Solid Waste (Support to the newly established National Solid Waste Management Agency and to facilitate its first steps, particularly implementation of WM plan, adapting a “Decentralized system” and community participation)
  • Israel: Solid Waste Management (Plastic waste management and recycling, glass waste management and recycling, and Construction & Demolition waste management and recycling)
  • Jordan: Green Economy (Sustainable Consumption & Production, Green Economy)
  • Morocco: Marine litter reduction in 2 regions, and development of integrated management plan on marine litter for the coastal areas of two regions)
  • Tunisia: Solid Waste Management (Capacity building for recovery and recycling of a variety of wastes with focus on rural areas) and Green Economy and Sustainable Consumption & Production\

 

PARTNERS INVOLVED

The SWIM and H2020 Support Mechanism projects' leader is LDK Consultants Engineers & planners S.A.

The project brings together partners from 8 countries:
• ACR+
• LDK Consultants Engineers & planners S.A.
• Arab Countries Utilities Association (ACWUA)
• Arab Network for Environment and Development (RAED)
• Catalan Waste Agency (hosting institution of Regional Activity Centre for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP/RAC)*
• EEIG UT-SEMIDE
• GLOBE ONE LTD.
• Royal Haskoning DHV Nederland B.V.
• LDK Consultants Europe S.A.
• Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development (MIO-ECSD)
• Mileu Ltd.
• National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
• Umweltbundesamt GmBH.
• WS Atkins International Ltd.

* ACR+ member

 

BLUEISLANDS

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The BLUEISLANDS project's goal is to identify, address and mitigate the effects of the seasonal variation of waste generation on Mediterranean islands as an effect of tourism, and establish the necessary conditions to fuel local loops of circular economy. 

Project co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund.

Highlights

  • The 2nd Technical Committee of BLUEISLANDS took place in the Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry on 23 June
  • The first sampling campaign of the BLUEISLANDS project took place in Cyprus at the beginning of June, at the highly tourist site of Paralimni and in the control site of Cavo Greco.
  • Subscribe to the MedBlueIslands facebook group for project updates, and to check photos of the sampling campaign in Mediterranean touristic sites.

To discover more news about BLUEISLANDS project, read online the latest newsletter!

 

THE PROJECT

The BLUEISLANDS project aims to properly identify, address and mitigate the effects of the seasonal variation of waste generation on Mediterranean islands as an effect of tourism. The ultimate goal of the project is to establish the necessary conditions so that the waste generated on each island will serve as a resource bank which will be used to fuel local loops of circular economy.

 

ACTIVITIES

BLUEISLANDS project will measure the quantity and composition of waste generated over a twelve-month period on nine Mediterranean islands, examining the correlation between the quantified waste generated and both the number of tourists and the presence of litter in the coastal environment. At the same time, the existing waste management structure and followed respective practices will be assessed.

On the basis of a report prepared from the results derived from all nine islands involved, Blue Islands project will formulate a multidimensional tool, in order to allow potential stakeholders to address effectively the problematic phenomenon. Over a following twelve-month period the tool will be implemented with selected action plans for each participating island, while the efficacy of each action plan will be evaluated.

PARTNERS INVOLVED

BLUEISLANDS project’s leader is Cyprus Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment.

The project brings together partners from 8 countries:
•   ACR+
•   Autonomous University of Barcelona
•   Balearic islands Government
•   CoNISMa - National Inter-University Consortium for Marine Sciences
•   EA Eco-Entreprises
•   INSULEUR - Network of the Insular CCI of the European Union
•   Municipality of Mykonos
•   Primorje and Gorski Kotar county
•   Region of Crete
•   Rhodes Municipality
•   Sardinia Region
•   Taormina Etna Consortium
•   Wasteserv Malta*

* ACR+ member

Position papers

Discover ACR+ latest position papers!

 

arrow3 2016 - Open letter regarding the discussion on the EP draft report on the Waste Package

arrow3 2016 - ACR+ Position Paper on the Circular Economy Package 2.0

arrow3 2015 - ACR+ Position Paper: Sustainable Materials Management - A Key Solution to Climate Change

arrow3 2015 - ACR+ position paper on the Circular Economy Package

arrow3 2015 - ACR+ answers to Circular Economy Consultation

arrow3 2014 - ACR+ position on the Circular Economy Package

arrow3 2014 - ACR+ 20 years - New vision

arrow3 2013 - Green Paper on a European Strategy on Plastic Waste in the Environment: ACR+ Position

arrow3 2013 - The review of the European Union’s key waste targets: ACR+ Position

 

 

 

 

INTHERWASTE

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INTHERWASTE EU FLAG

INTHERWASTE (Interregional Environmental Integration of Waste Management in European Heritage Cities), aims to foster the exchange of experience and polices for efficient and sustainable waste management in European Heritage Cities.

Project funded under the European Regional Development Fund.

Highlights

The 2nd Thematic Seminar of the INTHERWASTE project took place on 7-8 June in Krakow, Poland. It focused on 'Selective Collection in Heritage Areas'. Good practices and policies on this topic were presented and discussed during this event. More information is available on the INTHERWASTE website.

The next Thematic Seminar will take place on 15-16 November in Ibiza, Spain, and will focus on ‘urban integration’.

 

THE PROJECT

The INTHERWASTE project aims for European Heritage Cities to exchange experiences and policies for efficient and sustainable waste management in urban contexts in order to contribute, through mutual capacity building, policy learning and drafting of action plans - to the environmental performance management of waste in EU cities.

The project expects to:

  • To contribute – through mutual capacity-building, policy learning and the drafting of action plans – to the environmental performance of waste management in EU cities;
  • Improve the capacity of the staff of involved authorities to design and implement policies and measures in the waste field and governance in the same field.

HERITAGE CITIES

The project concentrates upon waste management in Heritage Cities, as there are many of them in our continent, and because as they are complex contexts the policies and experiences considered feasible here would most probably be applicable elsewhere.

It is expected that solutions and policies proved feasible in INTHERWASTE will be transferable to most heritage but also non-heritage cities in EU and that solutions and policies proved feasible in Heritage Cities will probably be feasible in less demanding urban environments. In addition, the visibility of Heritage Cities worldwide could help duplicate the solutions and policies identified in the project in many other cities.

 

ACTIVITIES

As the advisory partner ACR+ is in charge of providing expertise to the partnership in the different stages of the project, helping to consolidate the knowledgebase.

ACR+ also organized a Capacity Building event to train partner cities representatives in the use of different waste monitoring tools for their management at city level (Pre-waste, Miniwaste, R4R, the EWWR Food Calculator and others).

In addition, ACR+ is coordinating the communication activities of the project, ensuring the visibility of the project and programme and the dissemination of good practices and policies. This included the launch of the INTHERWASTE twitter account: @intherwaste; the maintenance of the INTHERWASTE website; the creation and maintenance of a newsletter as well as other communication and information.

PARTNERS INVOLVED

The project coordinator is Sanitation Cordoba (SADECO) and involves four other municipalities:
•    Krakow
•    Porto
•    Syracuse
•    Tallinn

ACR+ is acting as the advisory partner on the project and will be providing expertise to the partnership, as well as coordinating the communication activities of the project.

More information: www.interregeurope.eu/intherwaste

URBANREC

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Urban REC 3 ENG small

The URBANREC project aims to develop and implement an eco-innovative and integral bulky waste management system (enhancing prevention, improving logistics and allowing new waste treatments to obtain high added value recycled products) and demonstrate its effectiveness in different regions.

 Project co-funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 programme, 2016 - 2020.

 

Highlights

Legal Working Group – give your feedback on reuse! ACR+ has prepared an online questionnaire to gather input on legislative recommendations concerning reuse of bulky waste. External stakeholders, who are interested in the issue, are warmly invited to also fill in the questionnaire and contribute with their input. Please click here to access and fill in the survey.

Browse the second newsletter to discover more about the project’s activities, the meetings and the upcoming events. You will for example learn about the last project meeting which took place on 30 and 31 May 2017 in Valencia, Spain. The meeting included an exchange between partners on the activities performed in the last months, as well as a tour of Ecofrag pilot plant including a demonstration of the Ecofrag technology.

If you haven't already, you can subscribe to the newsletter and receive all the project updates.

 

THE PROJECT

The project aims to improve the separation and disassembling of bulky waste - implementing advanced fragmentation techniques to obtain high quality raw materials, promoting innovative valorisation routes for those considered more problematic (PUR foam, mixed hard plastics and mixed textiles), not recycled due to lack of eco-innovative cost-effective solutions.

ECO-INNOVATIVE AND INTEGRAL BULKY WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The waste treatments considered in the project include:

  • rebonding and chemical glycolysis for the PUR materials, to prepare renewable adhesives;
  • needle felt to obtain isolation panels from textiles;
  • fibre reinforced composites from textiles;
  • wood Plastic composites (WPC);
  • catalytic hydro-gasification with plasma for mixed hard plastics to obtain chemicals or fuel.

These treatments will be optimised and implemented at industrial level thanks to the collaboration of the URBANREC partners which include top EU level research institutes, and companies interested in obtaining novel eco-friendly products from waste, under a circular economy approach.

 

ACTIVITIES

ACR+ is the leader for dissemination and exploitation activities. ACR+ is also involved in the collection of information on bulky waste management and will coordinate the development of a guide on the implementation of a bulky waste strategy. Further, ACR+ will organize and animate a working group on bulky waste legislation with the objective to come up with concrete recommendations for improved legislation at EU level.

PARTNERS INVOLVED

Four different geographical areas – Northern, Mediterranean, Eastern and South-Eastern – are represented by the 21 organisations which are partners to the project. The partners also represent the whole bulky waste value chain and include research organisations, SMEs, larger industrial organisations and local authorities.

  • ACR+
  • AIMPLAS – Asociacion de Investigacion de Materiales Plasticos y Conexas
  • Bornova Municipality
  • BPP, Blueplasma Power S.L.
  • CENTEXBEL, Centre Scientifique & Technique de l’industrie textile Belge
  • CVI, Consorcio Valencia Interior
  • DELAX, Colchones Delax SL
  • Diputación Provincial de Valencia
  • ECOFRAG – ECORETORNO, Ecofrag-Mentation Europe S.L.
  • Eurospuma, Eurospuma - Sociedade Industrial de Espumas Sintéticas SA
  • FHG, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Angewandten Forschung EV
  • IMOG, Intergemeentelijke Maatschappij voor Openbare Gezondheid
  • IOS – PIEP, Instytut Ochrony Srodowiska – Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
  • IYTE, Izmir Institute of Technology
  • IZNAB Sp. z o.o., Iznab Spolka Z Ograniczona Odpowiedzialnoscia
  • OVAM*, Oprnbare Vlaamse Afvalstoffenmaatschappij
  • PROCOTEX, Procotex Corporation SA
  • RAMPF, RAMPF Ecosystems GmbH & Co. KG
  • RESCOLL Technology Centre of Materials, RESCOLL
  • URZAD - City of Warsaw*, Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa
  • Vanheede Environment Group

*ACR+ members

URBANREC’s project coordinator is AIMPLAS (Asociación de investigación de materiales plásticos y conexas)

More information: www.urbanrec-project.eu

URBAN WASTE

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UrbanWaste

URBAN-WASTE – Urban strategies for Waste Management in Tourist Cities – will endeavour to support policy makers in answering to the challenges of booming tourism in European cities, including high levels of unsustainable resource consumption and waste production.

Project co-funded by the European Commission, under the Horizon 2020 programme, 2016 - 2019.

Highlights

This new feature of URBAN-WASTE website enables project partners, external partners, organisation and even individuals to propose solutions and measures for making tourism more sustainable. It allows visitors of the website to contribute to the project’s objective – eco-innovative solutions for waste reduction and waste management improvements in touristic areas. The brainstorming platform welcomes any interested party in proposing relevant solutions for improving waste management practices across Europe, such as preventing food waste, improving the collection of recyclables, avoiding littering or encouraging reuse, etc.

  • Successfull second General Assembly in Copenhagen

More than 60 participants from the 27 project partners and external stakeholders have gathered in Copenhagen from 29 May to 1 June 2017 for packed 4 days of events celebrating the end of the first year of the project which started exactly one year before in Tenerife. Hosted by the Municipality of Copenhagen and the University of Copenhagen, the 4 days were a perfect opportunity to reflect on the project with all its milestones, achievement and outreach accomplished so far.

The next Municipality Forum and Mutual Learning event will take place in Nicosia, Cyprus in October.

More information on www.urban-waste.eu

 

THE PROJECT

The URBAN WASTE project aims to help develop strategies aimed at reducing the amount of municipal waste production as well as strategies to further develop re-use, recycling, collection and disposal of waste. In doing so URBAN-WASTE will adopt and apply the urban metabolism approach to support the switch to a circular model where waste is considered as resource and reintegrated in the urban flow.

The project will develop eco-innovative and gender-sensitive waste prevention and management strategies in cities with high levels of tourism in order to reduce the urban waste production and improve municipal waste management. These strategies will facilitate the reintroduction of waste as a resource into the urban metabolism flows and address waste management, risk prevention and land-use as an integral part of urban development.

URBAN METABOLISM APPROACH

The concept of urban metabolism was developed by Wolman (1965). Kennedy et al. (2007) and it is defined as “the sum total of the technical and socioeconomic processes that occur in cities, resulting in growth, production of energy, and elimination of waste”. Waste, and therewith waste from tourists occurring in the urban sphere, are main components of urban metabolism. In this section we review different approaches and methods used to conceptualise and operationalise urban metabolism and how these tackle issues of waste, more specific from touristic activities.

The focus of this study lies on providing  knowledge on sustainability indicators for further use in the Urban Waste project. However, the comprehensive and inclusive concept of urban metabolism has the potential to analyse waste and tourism in a systemic and impact oriented way, which can also be used for policy advice. An important aspect is therefore the sustainability dimension within urban metabolism. How can cities reduce resource consumption and minimize waste and emissions while improving or keeping up the quality of life of their citizens (and visitors). A recurring idea is the move from a linear to circular urban metabolism and urban economy

 

ACTIVITIES

The project will deliver a set of ICT tools, namely the WasteApp mobile application and gather key stakeholders along the tourism and waste value chain around Communities and Practice.

11 pilot cities and regions will be on the frontline of the project, implementing the developed tools and strategies: Tenerife (ES), Tuscany region (IT), Kavala (GR), Copenhagen (DK), Lisbon (PT), Metropole Nice Cote d’Azur (FR), Nicosia (CY), Ponta Delgada (PT), Santander (ES), Syracuse (IT) and Dubrovnik-Neretva County (HR).

The participatory approach will be structured in a mobilisation and mutual learning action plan for waste prevention and management in tourist cities and will attract a number of non-partner cities, too.

PARTNERS INVOLVED

URBAN WASTE’s project leader is the government of Canary Islands and project partners are:

  • Aarhus University - AU Herning
  • ACR+
  • AGORAH Agence d’Urbanisme à La Réunion
  • Ambiente Italia s.r.l.*
  • ASHOTEL (Tenerife Hotel and Accommodation Association)
  • BIOAZUL sl
  • City of Copenhagen
  • Consulta Europa Projects and Innovation
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Dubrovnik Neretva Regional Development Agency DUNEA
  • Florence Metropolis Municipality
  • Fundo Regional para a Ciência e Tecnologia
  • Government of Canary Islands
  • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria University
  • Linnaeus University
  • Lisbon Municipality*
  • Nice Metropolis Municipality
  • Observatoire Régional des Déchets d'Île-de-France (ORDIF)*
  • Region of Epirus
  • Santander Municipality
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Syracuse municipality
  • Tenerife island authority
  • Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Waste Management Authority of Eastern Macedonia – Thrace S.A.

*ACR+ members

More information: http://urban-waste.eu/

Board of Directors

ACR+ is managed by a Board of Directors elected by the General Assembly and including representatives of local and regional authorities. ACR+ Board of Directors for the current term (May 2016 to May 2018) is composed by:

 

Josep Maria Tost

Josep Maria Tost i Borràs

ARC 80px
President

Agència de Residus de Catalunya (ES)

 
     
LIPOR Dr Leite web

Fernando Leite 

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Vice-President, Treasury

Serviço Intermunicipalizado de Gestão de Resíduos do Grande Porto - LIPOR (PT)

 
Brussels Environment B Dewulf web

Barbara Dewulf

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Vice-President

Bruxelles Environnement - Leefmilieu Brussel (BE)

     
 ORDIF H De Oliveira web

Helder de Oliveira

ORDIF 80px
Vice-President

Observatoire Régional des Déchets d'île-de-France - ORDIF (FR)

 
 Zero Waste scotland I Gulland web

Iain Gulland

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Vice-President

Zero Waste Scotland (UK)

 

     
 

Marco Bucci

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Member

City of Genoa (IT)

 
Paris A Guhl web

Antoinette Guhl

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Member

City of Paris (FR)

     
NLWA D Rappou web

Dimitra Rappou

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Member

North London Waste Authority (UK)

 
Odense M D Hansen web

Michael Dino Hansen

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Member

City of Odense (DK)

     
Wasteserv T Montebello web

Tonio Montebello

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Member

Waste Serv Malta (MT)

   

Turkey Composts!

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Turkey Composts Logo ENG 400mp

Turkey Composts! aimed at increasing composting practices in the municipalities of Turkey, supporting local governments in Turkey to implement the Regulation on Waste Management and in bio-waste management, increasing awareness of compost in the general public in Turkey and finally increasing cooperation between the local governments and CSOs working on waste and composting in Turkey and EU.

Project co-funded by the European Commission, 2016 - 2017

Highlights

On 12 January 2017, the final conference of the TurkeyComposts! project was held in Istanbul, Turkey. The conference gathered expert speakers from Europe and Turkey to present best practices in bio-waste management and composting strategies. This conference was the final activity of the TurkeyComposts! project.

The final conference focused on presenting the status quo of composting practices in Turkey and in Europe and addressed municipality representatives, NGOs and academia. Participants learnt about the composting process and the use of compost as a fertilizer and received an update regarding existing facilities in Turkey as well as the main challenges and opportunities related to the application of composting in Turkish municipalities.

You can now download the TurkeyComposts! handbook for municipalities here.

THE PROJECT

The main objectives of TurkeyComposts! were to contribute to establishing links and cooperation between civil society in Turkey and the EU Member States in the area of environment, climate change and waste and to contribute to environment protection and climate change mitigation in Turkey.

 

ACTIVITIES

ACR+ researched and collected good composting practices in the European Union and organised three fields visits to some of these best practices. The study visits each focused on one specific topic that has been identified as a key issue in the needs analysis conducted by Bugday:

  • rural/agricultural areas;
  • touristic areas;
  • urban areas.

Furthermore, ACR+ analysed composting practices and prepared a handbook for local governments on composting which included best practices, how-to information and further resources.
ACR+ also provided support to the dissemination and promotion activities conducted as well as to the organisation of the final conference, held in Turkey in January 2017.

 

PARTNERS INVOLVED

Turkey Composts! project was coordinated by BUGDAY (Bugday Association for Supporting Ecological Living), and carried on in partnership with ACR+.

 

EPR CLUB

Website  download  

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The EPR Club was created as an ACR+ initiative supported financially and technically by ACR+ members.

The EPR Club is a platform for exchange of knowledge and dissemination of good EPR practices amongst key European stakeholders and experts, including the European institutions. The aim is to foster dialogue on policy developments and technical implementation of EPR schemes in order to bring forward European legislation and policy on EPR.

The EPR Club was launched in June 2012, with the support of the European Commission.

Highlights

Lunch debate: How to measure recycling? How to measure recycling? – 29 March 2017, Brussels

This EPR Club lunch debate, hosted by EXPRA, focused on how best to calculate waste which is actually recycled from the point of view of different stakeholders directly involved in the recycling calculation process: PROs, Local authorities and recyclers.

 

THE PROJECT

Inspired by the increasing importance of the EPR concept in (European) waste and resource policies, this project aims to contribute to the debate on the European level and to help bringing forward European legislation and policy on EPR.  

The EPR Club proposes a platform to exchange information and experience, to debate, as well as to improve knowledge about EPR policies and practices with all relevant stakeholders – including the European Commission and other European Institutions.

The EPR Club endeavours to build a joint initiative to identify the good practices in the EPR field, to disseminate them and possibly even reinforce the European legal bases. Further, it is the Club’s aim to enable dialogue on EU policy developments and strategies regarding EPR schemes. The Club also wishes to strengthen each level of the waste hierarchy, including prevention and reuse.

 

EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy approach in which the producer's responsibility for managing the product and reducing its environmental impact is extended across the whole life cycle of the product - from the selection of materials and design of the product to its end-of-life, especially regarding take-back, recycling and disposal. The overall objectives of EPR include:

  • Integration of environmental costs;
  • Improved waste management;        
  • Reduction of disposal;         
  • Reduction of the burden on municipalities;       
  • Design of environmentally sound products.    

EPR is an application of the Polluter Pays Principle. The polluter is not necessary the person whose activities give rise to pollution, but rather the economic agent that plays a decisive role in the pollution, like the producer, rather than the polluter himself.

The producers have primary responsibility under EPR, but sharing responsibilities across the product chain is an inherent part of EPR. While the policy tool is called Extended Producer Responsibility, it should be borne in mind that all actors in the product chain and in society must participate in order to optimise its effects.

 

 

ACTIVITIES

A combination of networking events and web-based activities allows the exchange of information and views amongst EPR Club members, political institutions and other stakeholders.

The EPR Club regularly holds lunch debates on specific topics decided by its members. These are mainly intended for the internal debate among the members. In some cases representatives of the European institutions and other external participants are invited.

The Club also organises bigger international events adressing a broader audience and generally open to all interested stakeholders.

In addition, the EPR Club website and the online Virtual Library represent the main communication and reference tools for members.

MEMBERS

EPR Club co-founders come from all over Europe:

  • ACR+ 
  • Agència de Residus de Catalunya – Catalan Waste Agency (Spain)
  • AICA (Italy)
  • Brussels-Capital Region (Brussels Environment) (Belgium)
  • Fundación para la EconomÍa Circular (Spain)
  • Rudologia (France)

ACR+ members have full access to all activities of the EPR Club.

Since its creation, the EPR Club has constantly grown in size and scope. At present it forms a real multi-stakeholder platform, including members from public and private sector, as well as NGOs and academics. Considering this evolution, today the EPR Club is guided by a set of governance rules which has to be agreed by any new member.

Interested in joining the EPR Club?  It is simple, become an ACR+ member or an EPR Club member!

More information: www.eprclub.eu