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The study from ACR+ member Zero Waste Scotland, "The climate change impacts of burning municipal waste in Scotland" quantifies the climate change impacts of burning residual municipal waste in Energy from Waste (EfW) plants in Scotland in 2018. It measures climate change impacts in two ways: carbon intensity and greenhouse gas emissions. It aims to inform and support evidence-based decisions to minimise the climate change impacts of managing residual waste.

The results show that the carbon intensity of EfW plants is twice as high as the UK national grid average. The carbon impacts of sending one tonne of residual municipal waste to either EfW or landfill were compared. Average EfW impacts were 15% lower than landfill in 2018. However, changes in waste composition mean that EfW impacts are expected to rise. Small changes in composition could push EfW impacts above landfill, leading to unnecessary climate change emissions.



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